MarocDroit  -  موقع العلوم القانونية
plateforme des décideurs juridiques - Platform of Legal Decision-Makers




How Morocco's return to the African Union reshaped diplomacy

     

Ilyass Benamar

Researcher in Law and International Relations at the King Juan Carlos University of Madrid




 
The beginning of 2017 was marked by a major diplomatic victory for Morocco, marking its return to the African Union, the natural institutional framework to which it belongs by virtue of the ties of geography, history, struggle, and common destiny that bind it to Africa countries.

Morocco has not lost sight of the African continent, its issues, and the profound problems it has faced throughout history, nor has it failed for years to make positive use of all the new multidimensional integration efforts, whether in relation to the civilizational development approach, which constituted a new model through which Morocco was able to move towards a realistic approach that believes in dynamism, and the new economic dynamism within the concept of advanced regionalism that accommodates African international entities and shares with them all the concerns of the African person, from the problem of security to economic crises, including spiritual and religious mobilization, or focusing on the aspect of preserving the achievements of the African continent and not making the region a victim of wrong political balances.

Following this diplomatic victory, to the credit of royal diplomacy,8 Morocco diplomatically needs a special agenda aimed at consolidating its role in managing the African Union’s affairs and contributing to setting its priorities, the most important of which is sustainable integral development.


This agenda should include economic take-off, overcoming political differences, and resolving military conflicts by peaceful means.

After assuming the throne, King Mohammed VI made it a priority in his foreign policy to devote the dimension of integration within regional organizations, starting with the Arab Maghreb Union, to renew bilateral relations with African countries, signing more than 600 agreements since 2000 in the public and private spheres, and making official visits to more than 25 African countries.

The focus on the legal dimension through cooperation agreements between many African countries and the penetration of countries affiliated to the Algerian movement reveals a mature diplomatic vision and strategic knowledge that is sophisticated and professional.

Therefore, over the last decade, Morocco has opted for a smart strategic choice that puts aside all political differences and seeks opportunities for strong partnerships with Africa that are willing to provide mutual services to African peoples and do not implicitly think in the classical model. concept of regional leadership, but with the use of regional leadership mechanisms vital: Morocco is a real locomotive of development in Africa and a model of a former nation-state with promising civilizational components that make it a focus of consensus. among African countries.


The royal speech on the occasion of the forty-eighth anniversary of the victorious Green March established new rules of engagement and laid out an innovative development roadmap for the process of elaborating the territorial unity dossier, away from classic and transcendent solutions, as it clearly defined the compass to be followed by all those involved and actors in this dossier, whether internally or externally, with the aim of transforming the desert into an attractive place for sustainable investment and a gigantic logistics complex connecting land, air and sea between three continents and the main world markets whose population may exceed 3 billion people.

The Atlantic orientation of the Moroccan State is not a product of today but rather the continuation of a historical and cultural process deeply rooted in the history of the Moroccan nation: from the city of Maamoura on the Atlantic front to the Almohad Empire in the 11th century. C. protected with its fleets the extension of the Iberian Maghreb.

Likewise, all the empires that ruled Morocco, such as the Marinids, Saadids and Alaouites, fought important wars to liberate the occupied Atlantic ports such as Larache, Mazagan, Tangier, Agadir, Massa, Boujdour and other cities.

From the Atlantic interface, ships of the maritime jihad were launched, as the Moroccan Navy imposed for centuries an Atlantic blockade on both sides of the ocean on all ships participating in the triangular trade. Mogador – as an Atlantic port, constitutes a link between Morocco, Africa, and the rest of the countries of the world and as a space of human coexistence between the various components of the Moroccan people.

Its historic decision to recognize the independence of the United States of America is part of this progressive Atlantic trend of Morocco for centuries, a fact confirmed by His Majesty the King. Mohammed VI, in his In his speech on the occasion of the 64th anniversary of the Revolution of the King and the People in 2017, He said, “Therefore, Morocco’s commitment to defend African issues and interests is not new today. Rather, it is a well-established approach that we inherited from our forefathers and we continue to consolidate it.”

Today, His Majesty King Mohammed renews the commitment, following in the footsteps of his distinguished predecessors, to link the glorious past with the ancient present, as His Majesty decided to launch his enlightened vision of connecting Morocco through the southern regions to an Atlantic continental space. Composed of 23 African countries overlooking the Atlantic front, constituting 40 percent of the countries of the African continent, with 55 percent of the countries of the continent, one percent of the gross domestic product of the African continent and 57 percent of the continent’s free trade, which His Majesty expressed the King in his speech “for human communication, economic integration and continental and international radiation.”

This will only be achieved by completing the gigantic development projects launched by Morocco in the framework of the development model for the southern regions and the other major sectoral strategies, whether in the field of infrastructure or in the economic and social field, as His Majesty stressed Morocco’s interest in building: “an integrated economy based on the development of resource exploration”.

Moroccan policy in Africa is an inevitable result of the depth of civilizational, cultural, and humanitarian ties that connect the Moroccan people with African peoples. It is an old and new trend that is mainly based on Morocco’s ancient African history, which spans millions of years and on Morocco’s common heritage with African peoples.

It is based on the common Moroccan heritage with the rest of the African peoples, where the African component is considered an essential part of the Moroccan civilization with a constitutional text, and the permanent desire of the Afro-Moroccan people to support African issues, support the African human being and work to consolidate the unity of the African peoples in the face of the security, economic, political and social challenges that arise in arid, semi-arid and semi-desert regions of the world, political and social challenges that arise for the sake of a better future for Africa constitute the essence of Moroccan belonging to Africa, underlined by His Majesty King Mohammed VI, in his speech on the occasion of the 64th anniversary of the Revolution of the King and the People, on August 20, 2017, stated that “Morocco’s orientation towards Africa was not a spontaneous decision, nor imposed by passing circumstances. calculations, but rather the fulfillment of this common history and a sincere belief in the unity of destiny.

It is also the result of deep and realistic thinking governed by an integrated and long-term strategic vision, guided by a gradual consensus-based approach.

The Atlantic-African option for the Kingdom of Morocco is a civilizational project that constitutes the true and realistic incarnation of the sublime real vision of Moroccan policy in Africa, which is based on the sustainable development of African peoples as a supreme objective based on the “win-win” approach.

It is a unique project that strengthens the ties between African peoples and is part of continental policies, which calls for economic integration and constructive cooperation between all countries of the African continent to value their wealth and protect their capacities. from colonial policies and the ambitions of some powers to nostalgia for their odious imperial history based on plundering, exploitation and enslavement of the capacities of African peoples.

In the same context, the royal speech referred to the security, economic and political challenges facing the countries of the Sahel region, considered a strategic area for the Kingdom of Morocco, as he defined the Moroccan comprehensive approach in accordance with the visionary royal advice. vision based on supporting African peoples to face security threats, combining the security dimension and regional and international cooperation, and working to achieve economic, social and human development and preserve cultural and religious identity.

On this basis, the King proposed a Moroccan Proposal to launch an international initiative to link the African Sahel countries with the Moroccan Atlantic ports, such as the port of Dakhla and the port of Laayoune, which will constitute for the peoples of these countries a radical turning point in the nature of their economic interactions with their regional environment will constitute a major turning point for their economies on the road to competitiveness.

Morocco,by virtue of its historical responsibility towards the peoples of the region, as stated by His Majesty King Mohammed VI in his speech: “It is ready to put its infrastructures, including roads, ports and railroads, at the disposal of these brotherly countries; “We believe that this initiative will constitute a fundamental transformation in their economy and in the whole region”.



الاربعاء 29 ماي 2024

عناوين أخرى
< >

السبت 22 يونيو 2024 - 21:59 La responsabilité administrative pour risque


تعليق جديد
Twitter